Mississippi Blues Trail marker, view01, Riverside Hotel, 615 Sunflower Ave, Clarksdale, MS, USA

Clarksdale, est. 1848, pop. seventeen,962

whole textual content of marker listed here

• designed as 8-room G.T. Thomas Clinic for African People • adaptive reuse as 21-room Riverside Lodge, at first guys-only, 1944 • intended by Z.L. “Momma” (Ratliff) Hill, longtime operator & proprietor • Momma Hill took in a younger Ike Turner after his widowed mom experienced a anxious breakdown • intended dresses for Turner’s track record singers, The Ikettes • died, 1997 • son Frank “Rat” Ratliff & spouse Joyce took in excess of resort

• for the duration of 70s “Rat” managed Subway Lounge, well-known blues joint in Riverside basement • in later a long time was receiver of Sunfower River Festival’s Early Wright Blues Heritage Award, 2003, and Juke Joint Festival’s Pass up Sarah Award, 2013 • daughter, Zelena “Zee” Ratliff, took in excess of after Frank’s death, 2013 –Rat Pack St Louis

• Muddy Waters, Sonny Boy Williamson, Ike Turner & Robert Nighthawk all lived listed here • resort is airconditioned, isn’t going to consider credit score playing cards, has no in-room Web, cable Tv, telephones or private loos • dressers & mattress frames all initial • supplied cozy lodging for touring African American bluesmen who had couple options in mid-century South, and just one in Clarksdale

• now a favored place of blues enthusiasts • rooms named for Sam Cooke, Pops Staples, John Lee Hooker, Rev. Martin Luther King, Bessie Smith • other notable guests: John F. Kennedy Jr., Blind Boys of Alabama, Duke Ellington, Rev. C. L. Franklin, Howlin’ Wolf, Joe Might, Peck Curtis, Joe Willie Wilkins, Raymond Hill

If I put new home furniture or transform the rooms, it would not look to be the spot the musicians stayed. That is the way the making was designed. It stays like that. If I transform it, I may possibly as very well near them doorways due to the fact folks want it that way. –Frank Ratliff, Edge Boston

• video clip: The Riverside Lodge (6:eleven) • Riverside Lodge, Clarksdale Establishment, Celebrates Hospitality and MusicHuffington ArticleSleeping with Muddy WatersBlack Cat Bone & Mojo: Discovering the Blues • Frank “Rat” Ratliff obituary • Clarksdale Historic District, National Register 09000763, 2009 • Coahoma County selected portion of Mississippi Delta National Heritage Area, 2009

• Clarksdale-born Ike Turner rehearsed his band & recorded demos at the Riverside • their landmark music “Rocket 88” was credited to Jackie Brenston (1930-1979) and his Delta Cats, who have been in fact Ike Turner’s Kings of Rhythm with Turner on piano

• variations of song’s origins have Brenston as author or Ike Turner writing the music with or devoid of Brenston, possibly at the Riverside Lodge and/or on the street: We commenced writing the music in the car. By the time we bought to Memphis, we was virtually completed writing it, and we completed writing it in the studio. It took me 10 or fifteen minutes to put the songs together. – Ike Turner, We Like Ike, 2001

• manufactured by Sam Phillips (1923-2003), Memphis Recording Services • introduced by Chess Information, Chicago, Chess 1458, 03-05-51 • Phillips claimed “Rocket 88” initial at any time rock ‘n roll record • many others keep differing opinions • Brenston reported music dependent on 1947 Jimmy Liggins hit, Cadillac Boogie (2:39): If you listen to the two tracks, you’ll discover out they are equally in essence the similar. The terms are just improved.initial recording of “Rocket 88” (02:54) • also affected by Pete Johnson’s 1949 Rocket Boogie 88 (2:32), named for recently introduced Oldsmobile Rocket 88 vehicle

• Ike Turner (1931-2007) bio -Gibson Usa • Ike Turner, aka Icky Rennut, Lover Boy, in WikipediaThe Record of Rock ‘N’ Roll in 25 Tunes -Hunter Schwarz, rhombusThe Range One “Rocket 88 -Rock & Roll Hall of Fame

• 26 Sep, 1937, “Empress of the Blues” Bessie Smith (1894-1937), died in Ward one of G.T. Thomas Clinic, now Riverside Hotel’s Rm 2 • the 5’9″/200 lb. artist’s vocation had been in decline, her popularity acquiring crested c. 1929 • in midst of a comeback, was featured performer in E. S. Winstead’s touring tent-present, Broadway Rastus • listen: I am Wild About that Thing, 1929 (2:50)

• in early AM, she had been en route to a general performance in Darling, MS when critically wounded in a car crash • 10 mi. N of Clarksdale on Hwy. 61, her previous wooden-framed Packard collided with a sluggish-moving truck • at the wheel was her lover, Richard Morgan, ex-bootlegger affiliated with Al Capone & uncle of jazz musician Lionel Hampton • Morgan unhurt • truck driver fled scene

• white surgeon Dr. Hugh Smith & fishing buddy Henry Broughton before long arrived upon wreck • Dr. Smith attended Bessie Broughton set out to connect with for ambulance • the affected person went into shock Dr. Smith made a decision to travel her to Clarksdale himself • just before he could shift the unconscious singer to his parked auto, a car crashed into it • driver and passenger wounded • an ambulance & a hearse ultimately arrived, virtually at the same time, one responding to Broughton’s connect with, the other to truck driver’s.

• eleven Nov, 1937, Down Defeat journal ran story by John Hammond (1910-1987), crusader for racial equality & Bessie’s record producer • claimed she died in Memphis of blood decline after whites-only medical center refused to handle her • no proof to guidance story • community ambulance crew would know not to consider white medical center: See, they did not mail no ambulance to get a colored person in people times. Just a hearse so they would not have to make two journeys if the person just transpired to die on the way to the medical center. After Bessie died, newspaper up North reported she was refused at the white medical center, but that can make no perception. -“Rat” Ratliff (instructed to John Rogers, 2012)

• African American hearse driver Willie George Miller rushed Bessie Smith to (black) G.T. Thomas Clinic the place her arm was amputated • she died, several hours later, at eleven:30 AM • yet, the counterfactual story blaming Smith’s death on racism went viral, reiterated by information & entertainment media, e.g., Edward Albee’s 1960 play, The Death of Bessie Smith • the myth continues to circulate

• Dr. Hugh Smith’s 1971 eyewitness account of accident, audio (43:01) • video clip: Blues Legend Bessie Smith’s only film visual appeal, 1929 2-reel shorter, St. Louis Blues (fifteen:forty seven) — singing commences at 6:forty nine • The Death of Bessie Smith by Chris Albertson, creator of 1972 bio, BessieWho Killed Bessie Smith?American Blues Scene • Chris Albertson job interview -Jerry Jazz Musician

Broadway Rastus, Bessie Smith’s very last engagement, was vaudeville evaluation designed in 1915 by black actor/author/producer/director Irwin C. Miller (1884-1975) • direct character Rastus “Broadway” King, normally scheming to make easy funds, played by Miller in blackface • variations of present ran by means of 1928, often executed for white audiences

“They proved that that a initial-class colored present can get by in the South. The folks are excellent-looking and younger, have excellent wardrobe on and off, and their capacity is 2nd to none in reality the business could give pointers to quite a few sights that have played the metropolis this season. The present is in two functions and sixteen scenes, all of which is supplied with specifically-bui)t landscapes. A cast of forty folks can make up the business, and it includes… Irvin C. Miller himself.” -A. Jackson, 1921 evaluation of Broadway Rastus New Orleans general performance in Billboard journal

Broadway Rastus acquired by Fayetteville, NC producer Emerson Stowe Winstead (1893-1943), operator of Winstead’s Mighty Minstrels (1931-1955) • performers from present appeared in 1947 film, Pitch a Boogie Woogieposter • video clip: The Making Of… (58:forty seven) — film commences at 16:22 • listing of entertainers who appeared in blackface

• Bessie Smith executed in Winstead’s minstrel present in early 30s • returned to star in his fateful 1937 version of Broadway Rastus • deal reported to have been for $seven-hundred/wk + 5% of gate

• 7000 enthusiasts attended Bessie Smith’s funeral • while she had been highest compensated black enterainer of the working day, estranged partner, stability guard Jack Gee, reported to have allowed grave to go unmarked • in 1970, singer Janis Joplin — who idolized Smith — partnered with an NAACP formal to deliver a tombstone

They say Bessie died due to the fact no medical center would consider her, but that is not ideal at all. They introduced her listed here, ideal listed here, laid her up in the front room of the medical center. –Frank “Rat” Ratliff (1943 – 2013)

Posted by lumierefl on 2015-01-05 13:20:forty one

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