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Author: mandmweb

The KWP2000 Protocol in Automotive Diagnostic Applications

The KWP2000 protocol has become a de facto standard in automotive diagnostic applications. It is standardized as ISO 14230-3. KWP2000 describes the implementation of various diagnostic services you can accethrough the protocol. You can run KWP2000 on several transport layers such as K-line (serial) or CAN. Transport Protocol As KWP2000 uses messages of variable byte lengths, a transport protocol is necessary on layers with only a well defined (short) message length, such as CAN. The transport protocol splits a long KWP2000 message into pieces that can be transferred over the network and reassembles those pieces to recover the original message. KWP2000 runs on CAN on various transport protocols such as ISO TP (ISO 15765-2), TP 1.6, TP 2. 0 (Volkswagen), and SAE J1939-21. For KWP2000, the Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports only the ISO TP (standardized in ISO 15765-2) and manufacturer-specific VW TP 2.0 transport protocols. Diagnostic Services The diagnostic services available in KWP2000 are grouped in functional units and identified by a one-byte code (ServiceId). The standard does not define all codes; for some codes, the standard refers to other SAE or ISO standards, and some are reserved for manufacturer-specific extensions. The Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports the following services: • Diagnostic Management • Data Transmission • Stored Data Transmission (Diagnostic Trouble Codes) • Input/Output Control • Remote Activation of Routine Upload/Download and Extended services are not part...

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Examples Of Spyware And What They Are

Spyware is a general term used to describe software that performs certain behaviors such as advertising, collecting personal information, or changing the configuration of your computer, generally without appropriately obtaining your consent first. Spyware is often associated with software that displays advertisements (called adware) or software that tracks personal or sensitive information. That does not mean all software that provides ads or tracks your online activities is bad. For example, you might sign up for a free music service, but you “pay” for the service by agreeing to receive targeted ads. If you understand the terms and agree to them, you may have decided that it is a fair tradeoff. You might also agree to let the company track your online activities to determine which ads to show you. Other kinds of Spyware make changes to your computer that can be annoying and can cause your computer slow down or crash. These programs can change your Web browsers home page or search page, or add additional components to your browser you don’t need or want. These programs also make it very difficult for you to change your settings back to the way you originally had them. The key in all cases is whether or not you (or someone who uses your computer) understand what the software will do and have agreed to install the software on your computer. There...

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PPC And Viral Marketing To Get Blog Traffic

If you want to have a profitable blog, you will need traffic. Don’t let anyone tell you that you don’t need a lot of traffic to your blog to make money with it. This kind of reasoning is the reason that so many people fail in the realm of online marketing. Targeted traffic definitely equals more sales. Don’t be deceived by the “gurus” who say that you need to buy their $500 product in order to learn how to make money blogging online. As soon as you buy that $500 product, you will get contacted by the same company with an offer to buy their $1,000 product, that will teach you the REAL secrets of blogging profitably. And about 5 months later… you will be contacted again to attend the seller’s 3-day seminar for $2,000. As you can see, none of this makes any sense, but this is what people are actually doing online. Blogging isn’t that hard where you need to spend $500 on a blog marketing course. There are a ton of resources out there that can show you how to earn money with blogging simply and easily. And the best way to make money with blogging is to simply get a lot of traffic back to your website. Simple and easy. If you would like to know what some of these traffic strategies are for making...

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10 SEO Basics To Help Your Video Go Viral

Many unknown faculties and sites have gained instant stardom and overwhelming attention, as their videos went viral. For the uninitiated, this is often a lottery, or a major stroke of luck; but the wise ones do understand the diligence that goes behind it. Apart from creating meaningful, impactful and different videos, you also have to be strong at the SEO basics. • The basic venture is to create genuine videos with intensity and shock-value and optimizing it on video-sharing sites. You raise the scales by effective cross-linking to your other credence; blog sites and other videos. Ingratiating social media sites like Facebook into the sphere is extremely viable. • The video title should be suggestive enough. The description should be exact to the T. It is imperative to have a thorough understanding of your video and know just what it stands for. The tags should be succinct and to the point. • You can use intelligently taken screenshots and advertise them on Flickr and other such sites to give your video more air. Viewer’s participation and acceptance of their comments is a working, even if time-tested way to get started. • You have to be thinker in order to be successful. Brand-oriented sites are more mordant as to viewers’ conscience. Own them (the ones related to your video) and keep a regulated tab of how they fare. This trait...

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Cleaning Business Profits, Earnings and Salaries – How Much Money Can You Make?

The cleaning business, while not the most glamorous of industries is nevertheless a fast growing multi-billion dollar business in the US and offers entrepreneurs unique opportunities to profit and earn a ‘six figure’ annual salary. Let’s examine the cleaning industry and look at how much money it is possible to earn and what it takes to get to the ‘six figure’ level. How much Money can you make Cleaning? Most small cleaning business owners who work at it full-time as sole operators in their first year are able to earn between $20,000 and $30,000. Once they are able to take on employee, build up some local reputation and get good systems in place then a $100,000 annual income is not unrealistic and much more is possible for those who put in the effort. What Separates the ‘Six Figure’ Operators from the Rest? Here are ten factors to consider that typically separate the high income earners from the rest – 1) Different cleaning niche markets offer different opportunities. In some cities and states in can be easier to make it in the office cleaning sector and in other areas the carpet cleaning sector is more lucrative. It all depends on local demand and how many companies are catering to that demand. 2) Start building your brand right from the start and view it as your company’s most valuable asset. 3)...

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